Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in the northern Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. Known until 1972 as Ceylon , Sri Lanka has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest. Sri Lanka has a documented history that spans over 3,000 years, but there are theories to suggest that Sri Lanka had pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years. Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to World War II. Sri Lanka is a diverse country, home to many religions, ethnicities and languages. It is the land of the Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamils, Moors, Indian Tamils, Burghers, Malays, Kaffirs and the aboriginal Vedda. Sri Lanka has a rich Buddhist heritage, and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pali Canon, dates back to the Fourth Buddhist Council in 29 BCE..
Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages in Sri Lanka. Sinhala, a language of Indo Aryan origin is the language of the majority. English is widely spoken and understood. Name boards, road signs and sign boards on busses and trains are usually in all three languages. Wherever you travel you will come across a Buddhist Temple or Dagaba, a Hindu Kovil, a Christian Church or a Mosque, each with its own distinctive architecture..
The Rupee (Sinhala: රුපියල්, Tamil: ரூபாய்) (signs: රු, Rs; code: LKR) is the currency of Sri Lanka, divided into 100 cents. It is issued by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka and is generally written Rs. (though SLRs. may occasionally be used for disambiguation). Several other currencies are also called rupee..
The current population of Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is twenty, 927,515 as of Sunday, March 11, 2018, supported the most recent United Nations estimates. Sri Lanka population is similar to zero.27% of the full world population. Sri Lanka ranks variety fifty eight within the list of states (and dependencies) by population. The population density in Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is 334 per Km2 (865 individuals per mi2). The total expanse is sixty two,710 Km2 (24,212 sq. miles) 19.6 % of the population is urban (4,095,751 individuals in 2018) The median age in Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is thirty two.7 years.